The Turkish lira is the official currency of Turkey. The roots of the lira come from the ancient Roman unit known as the libra, which spread throughout Europe and the Near East, where it was used until medieval times. The Turkish lira is one of the modern descendants of the ancient currency. The Ottoman lira was introduced in 1884 until the end of 1927. After the passing of the years and introducing different series of coins, in 2003, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey allowed a redenomination of the Turkish lira. In 2009, a new series of coins was introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 kuruş and 1 Turkish lira.
The 1 Turkish lira coin front design features Kemal Atatürk (1881 –1938), who was the first President of Turkey a Turkish from 1923 until he died in 1938, is known as the founding father of the Republic of Turkey and regarded as one of the most important political leaders of the 20th century. The reverse coin design illustrates the crescent and star, which is designed from the national flag and is also used as a national emblem. The denomination superposed on a Rumi motif and geometric patterns of Islamic art, and the issue date. This coin is part of the 2009 – 2020 series, its rim is plain with repeated inscriptions of letters “T.C.”, and its color is silver and gold.
Text: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti, 1 Türk Lirsi, 2012.