The rand is the official currency in South Africa since 1961 when it replaced the pound. The official currency symbol is: R. the name is derived from “Witwatersrand” (whitewater ridge), where the city of Johannesburg was built, and large deposits of gold were found in the country. The rand as legal tender in the Common Monetary Areas is also used in Eswatini, Lesotho and Namibia. The first series of coins were issued in 1961 in denominations 1⁄2, 1, 21⁄2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 cents. The 21⁄2 cent coin was replaced by 2 in 1965, and the 1 rand coin was introduced in 1967. The last production of the 1⁄2 rand coin was made in 1973. The 2 and 5 rand coins were introduced in 1989 and 1994, respectively.
The 20 South African cents coin front design features the National Coat of Arms (It consists of a stylized design of a secretarybird with outstretched wings, on its head, there is an arch of seven rays, on the bird’s chest; a stylized representation of a protea flower with petals. The shield contains two human figures with clasped hands and a spear and saber on top. Four elephant tusks surround the shield: two on each side and ears of Brunatré wheat, in the same way, one on each side. Below, a band with the motto: “KE E: / XARRA // KE” (Diverse people united) and the country name in the Tswana language. The reverse coin design illustrates a giant or king protea, the National Flower of the country, and the denomination. This coin is part of the 2003 – 2016 series, its rim is fluted, and its color is silver.
Text: Aforika Borwa, ǃKe E: ǀXarra ǁKe, 2016, Als, 20c.