The Saudi riyal is the official currency of Saudi Arabia since the country’s creation; it is one of the first currencies in the Mediterranean region during the Ottoman era. In 1961 the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA) introduced notes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100 riyals, followed by the 500 riyal in 1983, 20 and 200 riyal in 2000. In 2007, the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency announced a new series of banknotes in denominations of 5, 10, 50, 100 and 500. In 2016, The newly appointed Monetary Authority of Saudi Arabia issued a new family of banknotes with environmentally friendly materials and security features.
The 5 Saudi riyal note front design features the portrait of Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, who is the King of Saudi Arabia since 2015, and the Shaybah Oil Field located in the northern edge of the Rub’ Al-Khali/Empty Quarter desert. The lettering is presented in the Arabic language. The reverse of the note presents a view of the landscape of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (sunflower, wildflowers and Jasminum grandiflorum) and the National Emblem (consists of two crossed swords with a palm tree on top). The lettering is presented in the English language. This note is part of the 2016 – 2017 series, and its color is violet.
Text: Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority, The ruler, Minister of Finance, 5 riyals, 5, Five Riyals.