The Romanian leu is the official currency of Romania. The official currency symbol: L. The currency’s name is derived from a Romanian word that means “lion.”
Four series of Romanian leu banknotes have been issued. The process started in 1870 when the first leu was introduced into the country. However, only until 1877, state notes in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 500 lei were adopted. Three years later, these notes were stamped by the Banca Națională a României, which began issuing standard notes in denominations of 20, 100, and 1,000 lei in the following year.
A second series was introduced in 1947, in which the Ministry of Finance, the Banca Națională a României and the Banca Republicii Populare Române, each from their administrations, issued banknotes in different denominations. Then in 1952, the issuance of a third series began, in which the three entities printed banknotes from their administration, as happened in the second series. Finally, in 1966 the Banca Națională a Republicii Socialiste România took over all the printing of paper money. Today, a fourth series circulates under the administration of the Banca Națională a României, which introduced banknotes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 and 500 lei since 2005. The 200 leu note was issued in 2006.
The 1 Romanian leu note front design features the portrait of Nicolae Iorga, also known as Neculai Iorga, Nicolas Jorga, Nicolai Jorga or Nicola Jorga (1871 – 1940), who was a Romanian historian, politician, literary critic, memoirist, poet, playwright, and the Co-founder of the Democratic Nationalist Party (PND) in 1990, Nicolae served as a member of Parliament, President of the Deputies’ Assembly and Senate, cabinet minister and briefly as Prime Minister. The portrait is accompanied by an illustration of a Willow gentian flower, the National Coat of Arms, the Wallachia or Walachia Eagle holding a cross (protector of the city of Bucharest and Romanians symbol), and the National Bank of Romania (Banca Națională a României) logo.
The reverse of the note illustrates the Cathedral of Curtea de Argeș, which is an early 16th-century Orthodox cathedral, located in Curtea de Argeș, the Wallachia or Walachia Eagle holding a cross (protector of the city of Bucharest and Romanians symbol), and the National Bank of Romania (Banca Națională a României) logo. The lettering of the note is presented in the Romanian language. This note is part of the 2015 – 2020 series, and its color is green and blue on a multicolor underprint.
Text: BANCA NATIONALA A ROMANIEI 1 iulie 2005 GUVERNATOR CASIER CENTRAL, 1 LEU, UN LEU, NICOLAE IORGA 1871-1940,NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA, 1 JULY 2005, GOVERNOR GENERAL CASHIER, 1 LEU.