The złoty is the official currency of Poland. The name is derived from the Polish adjective “golden”. The official currency symbol: zł. The złoty (golden) in Poland dated back to the midden ages, from the 14th and 15th centuries when the name was used for all foreign gold coins used in Poland. In 1496, the Sejm (Sejm of the Republic of Poland) approved creating a national currency known as the first złoty. A second złoty was introduced in 1924, replacing the marka (currency of the Kingdom of Poland and the Republic of Poland between 1917 and 1924). In 1939, the government introduced banknotes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złoty. After German established the General Government and the Communist Poland periods, a third złoty (PLZ) was introduced, replacing all the notes issued before 1948; from there, the banknotes issued were a stable version. The banknotes issued in these third series were redenominated at a rate of 10,000 PLZ to a 1 PLN (new złoty), and all the legal tenders previously emitted as PLZ denominations were exchangeable into the PLN until the date of each value’s withdrawal. After 31 December 2010. Currently are circulating banknotes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 złoty.
The 500 złotych note front design features the portrait of John III Sobieski (1629 – 1696), who was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1674 to 1696, in a decorative medallion, followed by the illustration of the crowned eagle (Emblem of the Polish Republic) at the upper-right corner. The design is completed with a sketch of a helmet, a stylized shield, and a drawing of the crown in an oval; the front of the banknote’s general background presents a mesh of crisscrossed lines. The reverse of the note presents the Crowned White Eagle and an illustration of the Royal Palace in Wilanów. The lettering of the note is presented in the Polish language. This note is part of the 2016 -2017 series, and its color is brown and multicolor.
Text: 500, PIĘĆSET ZŁOTYCH, NARODOWY BANK POLSKI, WARSZAWA 05 STYCZNIA 2015 r. PREZES, GŁÓWNY SKARBNIK, JAN III SOBIESKI, DEL A. HELDRICH SC L. MOORE, NARODOWY BANK POLSKI 500, BANKNOTY EMITOWANE PRZEZ NARODOWY BANK POLSKI SĄ PRAWNYM ŚRODKIEM PŁATNICZYM W POLSCE, PIĘĆSET ZŁOTYCH, NBP.