The złoty is the official currency of Poland. The name is derived from the Polish adjective “golden”. The official currency symbol: zł. The złoty (golden) in Poland dated back to the midden ages, from the 14th and 15th centuries when the name was used for all foreign gold coins used in Poland. In 1496, the Sejm (Sejm of the Republic of Poland) approved creating a national currency known as the first złoty. A second złoty was introduced in 1924, replacing the marka (currency of the Kingdom of Poland and the Republic of Poland between 1917 and 1924). In 1939, the government introduced banknotes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złoty. After German established the General Government and the Communist Poland periods, a third złoty (PLZ) was introduced, replacing all the notes issued before 1948; from there, the banknotes issued were a stable version. The banknotes issued in these third series were redenominated at a rate of 10,000 PLZ to a 1 PLN (new złoty), and all the legal tenders previously emitted as PLZ denominations were exchangeable into the PLN until the date of each value’s withdrawal. After 31 December 2010. Currently are circulating banknotes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 złoty.
The 50 złotych note front design features the portrait of King Casimir III the Great (1310 – 1370), who reigned as the King of Poland from 1333 to 1370, in a decorative medallion, followed by the illustration of the crowned eagle (Emblem of the Polish Republic), on a background of two stylized Romanesque rosettes. The design is completed with a drawing of the crown in an oval and a crowned letter K, which is taken of the King’s monogram on the door of the Wawl Cathedral; the general background of the front of the banknote presents a mesh of lines that are crisscrossed. The reverse of the note presents the White Eagle from the seal of King Casimir III the Great; on a background illustrates a view of Kraków and Kazimierz, inspired by the wood engraving of Hartmann Schedel, who was a German traveller from the 15th century. The lettering of the note is presented in the Polish language. This note is part of the 2012 – 2017 series, and its color is blue-violet and deep blue on a multicolor underprint.
Text: 50, PIĘĆDZIESIĄT ZŁOTYCH, NARODOWY BANK POLSKI, WARSZAWA 05 STYCZNIA 2012 r. PREZES, GŁÓWNY SKARBNIK, KAZIMIERZ III WIELKI, DEL A. HELDRICH SC L. MOORE, NARODOWY BANK POLSKI 50, BANKNOTY EMITOWANE PRZEZ NARODOWY BANK POLSKI SĄ PRAWNYM ŚRODKIEM PŁATNICZYM W POLSCE, CRACOVIA, CASMIRVS, PIĘĆDZIESIĄT ZŁOTYCH, NBP.