The złoty is the official currency of Poland. The name is derived from the Polish adjective “golden”. The official currency symbol: zł. The złoty (golden) in Poland dated back to the midden ages, from the 14th and 15th centuries when the name was used for all foreign gold coins used in Poland. In 1496, the Sejm (Sejm of the Republic of Poland) approved creating a national currency known as the first złoty. A second złoty was introduced in 1924, replacing the marka (currency of the Kingdom of Poland and the Republic of Poland between 1917 and 1924). In 1939, the government introduced banknotes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złoty. After German established the General Government and the Communist Poland periods, a third złoty (PLZ) was introduced, replacing all the notes issued before 1948; from there, the banknotes issued were a stable version. The banknotes issued in these third series were redenominated at a rate of 10,000 PLZ to a 1 PLN (new złoty), and all the legal tenders previously emitted as PLZ denominations were exchangeable into the PLN until the date of each value’s withdrawal. After 31 December 2010. Currently are circulating banknotes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 złoty.
The 20 złotych commemorative note front design features a depiction of the crowns granted by Pope Clement XI; the Marian Crown, which is crowned with stars that allude to the Woman of the Apocalypse, the Crowns of Mary and the Child Jesus, which are supported by pairs of angels; under the crown of the Child Jesus, are the stylized background of lilies of Anjou and a Marian monogram; on the right side are stylized tendril motifs from the baroque frame of the Miraculous Icon; The filigree represents the coat of arms of the Pauline Order with a crow with a loaf of bread in its beak and two lions resting on a palm tree; in the upper left corner, there is a floral motif from the antependium of the altar of the Chapel of the Mother of God, made on the occasion of the coronation. The reverse of the note presents a drawing published in Rome in 1717, which represents the coronation of the Miraculous Icon of the Mother of God, the illumination of the sanctuary and a view of the coronation altar; on the left, we see the plan of the Jasna Góra monastery with its fortifications, and below, the fleur-de-lis of the House of Anjou; on the right side, there is a floral motif from the frame of the Icon and a filigree representing the coat of arms of the Pauline Fathers. The lettering of the note is presented in the Polish language. This note is part of the 2017 commemorative series ‘’ 300th Anniversary of the Coronation of the Image of Our Lady of Częstochowa’’. Its color is blue and multicolor.
Text: 300 – LECIE KORONACJI OBRAZU MATKI BOŻEJ JASNOGÓRSKIEJ, 20, Narodowy Bank Polski Warszawa, 10 maja 2017 r. Prezes, Główny Skarbnik, 20, DWADZIEŚCIA ZŁOTYCH, 20 JG0015999 Narodowy Bank Polski, BANKNOTY EMITOWANE PRZEZ NARODOWY BANK POLSKI SĄ PRAWNYM ŚRODKIEM PŁATNICZYM W POLSCE, 20, DWADZIEŚCIA ZŁOTYCH.