The złoty is the official currency of Poland. The name is derived from the Polish adjective “golden”. The official currency symbol: zł. The złoty (golden) in Poland dated back to the midden ages, from the 14th and 15th centuries when the name was used for all foreign gold coins used in Poland. In 1496, the Sejm (Sejm of the Republic of Poland) approved creating a national currency known as the first złoty. A second złoty was introduced in 1924, replacing the marka (currency of the Kingdom of Poland and the Republic of Poland between 1917 and 1924). In 1939, the government introduced banknotes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złoty. After German established the General Government and the Communist Poland periods, a third złoty (PLZ) was introduced, replacing all the notes issued before 1948; from there, the banknotes issued were a stable version. The banknotes issued in these third series were redenominated at a rate of 10,000 PLZ to a 1 PLN (new złoty), and all the legal tenders previously emitted as PLZ denominations were exchangeable into the PLN until the date of each value’s withdrawal. After 31 December 2010. Currently are circulating banknotes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 złoty.
The 20 złotych commemorative note front design presents the portrait of Józef Piłsudski (1867 – 1935, the Chief of State and First Marshal of Poland), based on the painting “The year 1920” by Kazimierz Mańkowski, in which the Head of State is seen as the defender of Warsaw, on a background of the city; followed by the Cross of Valor with the Polish eagle and the inscription “Na polu chwały” (“In the field of glory”) and the date 1920; the design of the banknote is completed with the inscription NIEPODLEGŁOŚĆ (Independence), which is surrounded by the crown of oak leaves, the monogram “RP”, the crowned White Eagle (Emblem of the Polish Republic), and a sketch of a warplane in flight. The reverse of the note presents the central fragment of Jerzy Kossak’s painting “The Miracle on the Vistula” in the colors of the Polish flag; the painting represents a symbolic scene of the chaplain Ignacy Skorupka leading the soldiers of the voluntary military formations to attack. The design is completed with a crown of laurel leaves, the Commemorative Medal of the 1918-1921 War (errata on the cover of the banknote) and a fragment of the public appeal entitled “Homeland in danger” issued by the Government of Defense National on August 5, 1920. The lettering of the note is presented in the Polish language. This note is part of the 2020 commemorative series ‘’Battle of Warsaw 1920’’. Its color is multicolor.
Text: 1920, DWADZIEŚCIA ZŁOTYCH, Narodowy Bank Polski, Warszawa, 29 stycznia 2020 r. Prezes, Główny Skarbnik, NIEPODLEGŁOŚĆ, BITWA WARSZAWSKA 1920, POLSKA STULEOLE OOZYSKANIA NIEPODLEOLOGOT W POLACY RZAD POLSKI , RZAD OBRONY NARODOWE , READ DEMOKRACH POLSKIEJ RZAD CHLOPOWI ROBOTIKOW WZYWA CAŁY MARÓD DO WALKI W OBRONIE OGNISKA DOMOWEGO W OBRONE CHATY CHOPSKIEJ , W OBRONIE PRACY I WOLNOSCI OBYWATELSKIEJ VOZYWA DO WALIO SWEJ W OURONIE WOLNOG, NEPODLEGŁOŚCI OJCZYZN MAROO ZEDNOCZY SIĘ ZE SWOIZOLNIERZEM WOJNA NARODOWA ZACZYNA SIEU PROGU VRSZAWY .