The złoty is the official currency of Poland. The name is derived from the Polish adjective “golden”. The official currency symbol: zł. The złoty (golden) in Poland dated back to the midden ages, from the 14th and 15th centuries when the name was used for all foreign gold coins used in Poland. In 1496, the Sejm (Sejm of the Republic of Poland) approved creating a national currency known as the first złoty. A second złoty was introduced in 1924, replacing the marka (currency of the Kingdom of Poland and the Republic of Poland between 1917 and 1924). In 1939, the government introduced banknotes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złoty. After German established the General Government and the Communist Poland periods, a third złoty (PLZ) was introduced, replacing all the notes issued before 1948; from there, the banknotes issued were a stable version. The banknotes issued in these third series were redenominated at a rate of 10,000 PLZ to a 1 PLN (new złoty), and all the legal tenders previously emitted as PLZ denominations were exchangeable into the PLN until the date of each value’s withdrawal. After 31 December 2010. Currently are circulating banknotes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 złoty.
The 20 złotych commemorative note front design features the portrait of Juliusz Słowacki (1809 –1849), a Polish Romantic poet who is considered one of the “Three Bards” of Polish literature; Słowacki is remembered as a major figure in the Polish Romantic period, and the father of modern Polish drama. The portrait is completed with a sketch of the manor house in Krzemieniec, which has been used as the Juliusz Słowacki Museum, the crowned White Eagle (Emblem of the Polish Republic), and a sketch of a pen and inkwell. The reverse of the note presents an illustration of a fragment of King Sigismund (III Vasa) Column at the Castle Square in Warsaw (Capital city), followed by some flying cranes; at the center is reproduced a fragment of an autograph of the poem “Uspokojenie” (Tranquility); a fragment of the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Warsaw, and a sketch of a pen and inkwell. The lettering of the note is presented in the Polish language. This note is part of the 2009 commemorative series ‘’The 200th birthday anniversary of Juliusz Słowacki’’. Its color is brown and tan on yellow underprint
Text: 20, DWADZIEŚCIA ZŁOTYCH, NARODOWY BANK POLSKI, WARSZAWA, 8 STYCZNIA 2009 r, PREZEZ, GŁÓWNY SKARBNIK, BANKNOTY EMITOWANE PRZEZ NARODOWY BANK POLSKI SĄ PRAWNYM ŚRODKIEM PŁATNICZYM W POLSCE.