The złoty is the official currency of Poland. The name is derived from the Polish adjective “golden”. The official currency symbol: zł. The złoty (golden) in Poland dated back to the midden ages, from the 14th and 15th centuries when the name was used for all foreign gold coins used in Poland. In 1496, the Sejm (Sejm of the Republic of Poland) approved creating a national currency known as the first złoty. A second złoty was introduced in 1924, replacing the marka (currency of the Kingdom of Poland and the Republic of Poland between 1917 and 1924). In 1939, the government introduced banknotes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złoty. After German established the General Government and the Communist Poland periods, a third złoty (PLZ) was introduced, replacing all the notes issued before 1948; from there, the banknotes issued were a stable version. The banknotes issued in these third series were redenominated at a rate of 10,000 PLZ to a 1 PLN (new złoty), and all the legal tenders previously emitted as PLZ denominations were exchangeable into the PLN until the date of each value’s withdrawal. After 31 December 2010. Currently are circulating banknotes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 złoty.
The 20 złotych commemorative note front design features the portrait of Frédéric François Chopin, (1810 – 1849), a Polish pianist and composer of the Romantic period, followed by a view of the Żelazowa Wola manor house, the place where the composer was born; the design is completed by a reproduction of the first edition of Mazurka in B flat major, op. 7 No. 1, the composer’s autograph, the crowned White Eagle (Emblem of the Polish Republic), and a sketch of music sheet. The reverse of the note reproduces a facsimile of a fragment from Étude in F minor, op. 10, No. 9, followed by a willow landscape, which is characteristic of the Central Poland region. The lettering of the note is presented in the Polish language. This note is part of the 2010 commemorative series ‘’200th anniversary of the birth of Frédéric Chopin’’. Its color is brown and tan on a yellow underprint.
Text: 20, DWADZIEŚCIA ZŁOTYCH, NARODOWY BANK POLSKI, WARSZAWA, 19 STYCZNIA 2009 r, PREZEZ, GŁÓWNY SKARBNIK, BANKNOTY EMITOWANE PRZEZ NARODOWY BANK POLSKI SĄ PRAWNYM ŚRODKIEM PŁATNICZYM W POLSCE.