The złoty is the official currency of Poland. The name is derived from the Polish adjective “golden”. The official currency symbol: zł. The złoty (golden) in Poland dated back to the midden ages, from the 14th and 15th centuries when the name was used for all foreign gold coins used in Poland. In 1496, the Sejm (Sejm of the Republic of Poland) approved creating a national currency known as the first złoty. A second złoty was introduced in 1924, replacing the marka (currency of the Kingdom of Poland and the Republic of Poland between 1917 and 1924). In 1939, the government introduced banknotes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złoty. After German established the General Government and the Communist Poland periods, a third złoty (PLZ) was introduced, replacing all the notes issued before 1948; from there, the banknotes issued were a stable version. The banknotes issued in these third series were redenominated at a rate of 10,000 PLZ to a 1 PLN (new złoty), and all the legal tenders previously emitted as PLZ denominations were exchangeable into the PLN until the date of each value’s withdrawal. After 31 December 2010. Currently are circulating banknotes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 złoty.
The 20 złotych note front design features the portrait of King Bolesław the Brave (967 – 1025), better known as Bolesław the Great, who was Duke of Poland from 992 to 1025, and the first King of Poland in 1025, in a decorative medallion, followed by the illustration of the crowned eagle (Emblem of the Polish Republic), on a background of two stylized Romanesque rosettes. The design is completed with a drawing of the crown in an oval and a sketch of oak treetop taken from the Gniezno Doors (the scene of St. Adalbert’s remains); the general background of the front of the banknote presents a mesh of lines that are crisscrossed. The reverse of the note illustrates a silver denar used during the reign of King Bolesław the Brave, which containing the silhouette of a bird with the inscription below “PRINCES POLONIE”; on a background with an image of St. Nicolas in Cieszyn (left) and a Gniezno Cathedral door’s depiction represented by a lion stretched against a rope. The lettering of the note is presented in the Polish language. This note is part of the 2012 – 2016 series, and its color is lilac and deep blue on a multicolor underprint.
Text: 20, DWADZIEŚCIA ZŁOTYCH, NARODOWY BANK POLSKI, WARSZAWA 05 STYCZNIA 2016 r. PREZES, GŁÓWNY SKARBNIK, BOLESŁAW I CHROBRY, NARODOWY BANK POLSKI 20, BANKNOTY EMITOWANE PRZEZ NARODOWY BANK POLSKI SĄ PRAWNYM ŚRODKIEM PŁATNICZYM W POLSCE, PRINCES POLONIE, DWADZIEŚCIA ZŁOTYCH, NBP.