The złoty is the official currency of Poland. The name is derived from the Polish adjective “golden”. The official currency symbol: zł. The złoty (golden) in Poland dated back to the midden ages, from the 14th and 15th centuries when the name was used for all foreign gold coins used in Poland. In 1496, the Sejm (Sejm of the Republic of Poland) approved creating a national currency known as the first złoty. A second złoty was introduced in 1924, replacing the marka (currency of the Kingdom of Poland and the Republic of Poland between 1917 and 1924). In 1939, the government introduced banknotes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 złoty. After German established the General Government and the Communist Poland periods, a third złoty (PLZ) was introduced, replacing all the notes issued before 1948; from there, the banknotes issued were a stable version. The banknotes issued in these third series were redenominated at a rate of 10,000 PLZ to a 1 PLN (new złoty), and all the legal tenders previously emitted as PLZ denominations were exchangeable into the PLN until the date of each value’s withdrawal. After 31 December 2010. Currently are circulating banknotes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 złoty.
The 19 złotych commemorative note front design features the portrait of Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860 – 1941), a Polish pianist and composer who became a spokesman for Polish independence and who was the new nation’s Prime Minister and foreign minister during which he signed the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I, followed by a stylized image of the Order of the White Eagle, the inscription “niepodległa” (“independent”) from Józef Piłsudski’s manuscript, a laurel branch, and the crowned White Eagle (Emblem of the Polish Republic). The reverse of the note presents a view of the Polish Security Printing Works (PWPW) building, located in Warsaw (Capital city), the PWPW holographic logo, and the crowned White Eagle (Emblem of the Polish Republic). The lettering of the note is presented in the Polish language. This note is part of the 2019 commemorative series ‘’100th Anniversary of the Polish Security Printing Works (PWPW)’’. Its color is blue and yellow.
Text: 19, Narodowy Bank Polski, DZIEWIĘTNAŚCIE ZŁOTYCH, 1919, 2019, Warszawa, 25 stycznia 2019 r, Prezes, Główny Skarbnik, NBP, POLSKA STULECIE ODZYSKANIA NIEPODLEGŁOSCI, 100. ROCZNICA POWSTANIA POLSKIEJ WYTWÓRNI PAPIERÓW WARTOŚCIOWYCH S.A., NIEPODLEGŁOŚĆ, BANKNOTY EMITOWANE PRZEZ NARODOWY BANK POLSKI SĄ PRAWNYM ŚRODKIEM PŁATNICZYM W POLSCE.