The Moroccan dirham is the official currency of Morocco. This coin derives from the Greek drachma, and its origins date back to the Idrisi dynasty between the 8th and 10th centuries. The modern coin was introduced in 1882, although when Morocco became a French protectorate in 1912, the Moroccan franc replaced the dirham. Almost forty years later, The Bank Al-Maghrib was founded, and the 1 dirham coin was issued in 1960 to circulate in parallel with the franc. In 1974, the santim replaced the franc entirely, and new coins of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 santims, and the 1 and 5 dirhams were introduced. In 1987, Morocco established its national banknote printing and minting factory called Dar As-Sikkah, which minted a 1 santim and ½ dirham replacing the 50 santim coin, the 10 dirham coin was introduced in 1995, followed by the 2 dirham coin in 2002.
The 20 Moroccan Santimat coin front design features the National Coat of Arms (consist of the Royal Crown of Morocco, representing the Atlas Mountain, a rising sun, a pentagram and two lions. The motto: “In Tansourou Allaha Yansouroukoum (If you glorify God, He will glorify you)”). The reverse coin design has half a wave pattern, illustrate a lotus flower with the planet earth in the background and the denomination. This coin is part of the 2011 – 2020 (1432 – 1441) series, its rim is fluted, and its color is gold.
Text: Kingdom of Morocco, In Tansourou Allaha Yansouroukoum (If you glorify God, He will glorify you), Twenty Centimes, 1432 – 2011, 20.