The lev is the official currency of Moldova. The official currency symbol: L. The currency’s name is derived from a Romanian word that means “lion.” The Moldovan leu was established in 1993 to replace the temporary coupon currency, following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the creation of the independent Republic of Moldova. Moldovan leu banknotes have been issued in two series. The initial series was brief, consisting solely of 1, 5, and 10 lei. The banknotes were remarkable for their lack of intaglio printing until 2015 when the National Bank of Moldova added intaglio printing and embossing for denominations of 10 to 500 lei and improved security features on all denominations except 1,000 lei.
The 20 Moldovan lei note front design features the portrait of Stephen III of Moldavia, better known as Stephen the Great (between 1433 and 1440 – 1504), who was the Voivode (Prince) of Moldavia from 1457 to 1504; followed by the National Coat of Arms, the Victory Symbol (first two lines of Miorița, which is an ancient Romanian pastoral ballad) and the logo of the National Bank of Moldova. The reverse of the note illustrates the Soroca Fortress, located in Soroca, the Coat of Arms of Ştefan cel Mare, a crescent moon between a stylized sketch of the Column of Traian and the Column of Infinity, and the National Bank of Moldova logo. The lettering of the note is presented in the Romanian language. This note is part of the 2015 series, and its color is green and yellow.
Text: 20, DOUÁZECI LEI, REPUBLICA MOLDOVA, ȘTEFAN CEL MARE, BNM, GUVERNATOR, PE-UN PICIOR DE PLAI, PE-O GURA DE RAI…, V, 2015, FALSIFICAREA ACESTOR BILETE SE PEDEPSEŞTE CONFORM LEGILOR, CETATEA SOROCA, BANCA NAŢIONALĂ A MOLDOVEI.