The ouguiya is the official currency of Mauritania since 1973 when it replaced the CFA franc. The name is the Hassaniya Arabic pronunciation of “uqiyyah”, which means “ounce”. In 1973, The Central Bank of Mauritania (Banque Centrale de Mauritanie) issued notes in denominations of 100, 200 and 1000 ouguiya, followed by the 500 in 1974, 2000 in 2004 and 5000 ouguiya in 2010. In 2017, The Central Bank of Mauritania (Banque Centrale de Mauritanie) announced a redenomination of the ouguiya and second series of notes were issued in denomination of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 ouguiya.
The 1000 Mauritanian ouguiya note front design features Chinguetti, a ksar (North African term for fortified village) located on the Adrar Plateau east of Atar and UNESCO World Heritage Site. The crescent and star are emblems of Islam and a stamp in the shape of an open book. The lettering and the denomination on this side of the note are in the Arabic language. The reverse of the note illustrates the Mauritania railway and some electric towers, the crescent and star, a stamp in the shape of an open book and stylized figures in a circular and heart shape. The lettering on this side of the note is in the French language. This note is part of the 2017 series, and its color is brown on a multicolor underprint.
Text: Central Bank Of Mauritania, 1000, One Thousand Ouguiya, 28.11.2017, Banque Centrale de Mauritanie, Les Auteurs Ou Complices de Falsification Ou de Contrefaçon de Billets de Banque Seront Punis Conformement Aux Lois Et Actes En Vigueur, 1000, Mille Ouguiya.