The Macanese pataca or Macau pataca is the official currency of Macau. The official currency symbol: MOP$. The currency’s name is derived from the fact that, as part of the Spanish colonial empire, the Portuguese traditionally called the Spanish dollar the pataca mexicana.
In 1894, the pataca was adopted as a unit of account in Portuguese Macau and Portuguese Timor. The unit was designed to replace the Portuguese real, which was replaced by the Spanish dollar. In 1901, the Banco Nacional Ultramarino (BNU) acquired the exclusive rights to issue legal tender denominated in patacas, the currency being the only currency in Macao. As a result, banknotes in denominations of 1, 5, 50 and 100 were introduced, and the circulation of all foreign currency in Macau was prohibited. The Macau government established the Macau Issuing Institute (Instituto Emissor de Macau – IEM) in 1980, giving it a monopoly on the issuance of pataca banknotes. The NBU continued to print banknotes as an agent bank of the IEM, and the Bank of China branch in Macau became the second bank to issue banknotes after signing an agreement with the NBU in 1995. The Macau Monetary Authority acquired the authority to issue patacas.
Today denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 patacas circulate today. The current series of NBU banknotes were issued in 2005, while the Bank of China issued banknotes between 1995 and 2003. The Macau Monetary Authority stated in 2009 that the Bank of China would issue a new series of banknotes dated 2008.
The 20 Macanese patacas commemorative note front design features the large sculpture ‘’Lotus Flower In Full Bloom’’ in the Lotus Square, located in Sé, a view of the Macau waterfront and the Bank of China branch building in Macau. The design is completed with a lotus flower seal (Macau flag element) and the Bank of China logo.
The reverse of the note illustrates the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge, a 55-kilometre bridge-tunnel connecting Hong Kong, Macau, and Zhuhai. The background shows a lotus flower in full bloom and a sketch of the ancient city’s buildings. The lettering of the note is presented in the Portuguese and Chinese languages. This note is part of the 2019 commemorative series: ‘’20th Anniversary of Macau’s Return to China (1999-2019)’’. Its color is purple.
Text: 中國銀行 澳門幣 貳拾圓 20 VINTE PATACAS 中國銀行 BANCO DA CHINA 20 澳門元 PATACAS 二零一九年四月一日 澳門 MACAU, 1 DE ABRIL DE 2019 根據第9/2019號行政法規 REGULAMENTO ADMINISTRAVO № 9/2019 董事會 CONSELHO DE ADMINISTRAÇÃO 20 PATACAS.