The yen is the official currency of Japan. The official currency symbol: ¥. The currency’s name is derived from a Japanese word that means “round.”
The currency was officially established in 1871 and replaced the Tokugawa currency (a 1601 monetary system). Two years later, the first banknotes were issued in denominations from 10 to 10,000 yen. Several agencies, such as the Ministry of Finance and the Imperial Japanese National Bank, issued yen banknotes before and during World War II. Shortly after the war, the Allies also published several notes. Since then, the Bank of Japan has been the exclusive banknote issuing authority. The entity has published five series after the Second World War. In 2004, the current series was issued, consisting of banknotes in denominations of ¥ 1000, ¥ 5000 and ¥ 10,000.
The 10000 Japanese yen note front design features the portrait of Fukuzawa Yukichi (1835 – 1901) was a Japanese leader, author, writer and teacher, who founded Keio University, Jiji-Shinpō (a newspaper) and the Institute for Study of Infectious Diseases.
The reverse of the note presents a statue of hōō, are birds found in Sinospheric (East Asian cultural sphere) mythology that reign over all other birds, and which is founded in the Byōdō-in (Temple of Equality), a Buddhist temple in the city of Uji in Kyoto Prefecture. The lettering of the note is presented in the Japanese language. This note is part of the 2004 – 2020 series, and its color is brown on a multicolor underprint.
Text: 10000, FZ111111E, 日本銀行券, 壱万円, 日本銀行, 福沢諭吉, 国立印刷局製造, NPPON GINKO, 10000 YEN.