The Guatemalan Quetzal is the official currency in Guatemala and was named in honor of the national bird “resplendent quetzal”. It was introduced in 1925, replacing the peso. The first coins were issued in denominations of 1, 5 and 10 centavos, ¼, ½, and 1 quetzal. In 1932 were added ½ and 2 centavos coins followed by 1 quetzal in 1998. However, the ½ and 1 quetzal notes were introduced to replace equivalent notes at the end of the 1990s.
The 5 Centavos coin front design features the National Coat of Arms (composed of the national bird of Guatemala, the Quetzal, a scroll with the date on which Central America became independent from Spain, on September 15, 1821; two crossed rifles, with bayonets, two crossed swords and a laurel wreath). The reverse coin design has the “Liberty Tree”, a ceiba tree which is the national tree of Guatemala, with the old national motto “Libre, Crezca, Profundo” and the denomination. This coin is part of the 1977 – 2010 series, its rim is fluted, and its color is silver.
Text: 5 Centavos, Republica de Guatemala, el 15 de septiembre de 1821, Libre Crezca Fecundo, 2000.