The kuna is the official currency of Croatia. The official currency symbol; Kn. The word kuna means “marten” in Croatian, which was a type of skin that was used as units of value in medieval trade. On the other hand, the word lipa means “linden tree,” a species that was planted in the markets of Croatia and other lands under the Habsburg monarchy during the early modern period. The kuna was introduced in 1994, replacing the Croatian dinar. However, in 1993, the first notes series was introduced in 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 kuna denominations. The 5, 10, and 20 kuna notes were withdrawn in 2007, followed by the 50, 100, and 200 kuna in 2010. Between 2001 and 2014, banknotes with the same denominations were issued but improved security features and design changes.
The 500 kuna note front design features the portrait of Marko Marulić Splićanin (1450 – 1524), was a Croatian nobleman, who has been known as the “crown of the Croatian medieval age” and the “father of the Croatian Renaissance”; on a background with a multi-color pixelated pattern. The National Coat of Arms completes the design. The reverse of the note illustrates the Diocletian’s Palace in Split and a sketch of the figure of a Croatian ruler from the 11th century. The lettering of the note is presented in the Croatian language. This note is part of the 1993 series, and its color is dark brown and olive-brown on a multicolor underprint.
Text: HRVATSKA NARODNA BANKA, 500, PET STOTINA KUNA, MARKO MARULIĆ 1450 – 1524, HNB KUNA, 500, VUKOVAR, SPLIT, DIOKLECLIANOVA PALAĆA, W. ST. POSLIJE KRISTA, LIK HRVATSOG VLADARA XI. ST, 500, PET STOTINA KUNA, ZAGREB 31 LISTOPADA 1993, GUVERNER, HRVATSKA NARODNA BANKA.