The escudo is the official currency of the Republic of Cape Verde since 1914, when it replaced the Cape Verdean real. The Banco Nacional Ultramarino introduced the first notes in denominations of 4, 5, 10, 20 and 50 centavos, followed by the 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 escudos in 1921. In 1945, a new series was issued, omitting the 1 and 5 denominations, and introducing the 500 escudos note. The 1, 5 and 10 escudos notes were replaced by coin between 1945 and 1953. After the independence in 1975, notes were issued in denominations of 100, 500 and 1000 escudos, followed by 200 and 2500 in 1989. In 2014, the Banco de Cabo Verde introduced a new banknotes series in denominations of 200, 1000, and 2000 escudos, followed by 500 and 5000 escudos in 2015.
The 1000 Cape Verdean escudos note front design features António Aurélio Gonçalves (1901 – 1984), known as Nhô Roque, was a Cape Verdean writer, critic, historian and professor. A seal with the Dragon tree, another with a design of a pen in an inkwell, a hand with a pen writing and the denomination completes the illustration of this side of the note. The reverse note side illustrates the dragon tree in the island of São Nicolau, a hand with a pen writing and the denomination. The lettering in the note is in the Portuguese language. This note is part of the 2007 series, and its color is violet, blue and rose, a multicolor underprint.
Text: Banco De Cabo Verde, O Governador, O Administrator, Mil Escudos, Antonio Aurelio Gonçalves, Banco De Cabo Verde, Mil Escudos, 25 De Setembro De 2007, Dragoeiro – Ilha De São Nicolau, 1000.