The riel is the official currency of Cambodia. The official currency symbol: ៛. The currency’s name is derived from the Spanish-American dollar, commonly used for international trade in Asia and the Americas from the 16th to 19th centuries. There is a widespread belief that the name is derived from Mekong river fish which name is riel.
The rail was established in 1953, after the Cambodia branch of the Institut d’Émission des États du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam introduced double-denomination banknotes in piastre and rail. Between 1955 and 1972, the riel and piastre circulated alongside each other. After the Vietnamese invasion in 1978, the riel was reinstated as Cambodia’s national currency on April 1, 1980. Because there was no money to replace it and the economy was severely affected, the central government gave the new money to the people to encourage its use.
Today, banknotes with denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000 and 100,000 circulate.
The 15,000 Cambodian riels commemorative note front design features the portrait of Norodom Sihamoni, who is the King of Cambodia, followed by a seven-headed serpent statue at Angkor Wat and the Royal Arms.
The reverse of the note presents the photograph of King Monineath Sihanouk’s coronation ceremony in 2004. He is accompanied by Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk and the late King Father Norodom Sihanouk; followed by the Win-Win Memorial monument in Phnom Penh and a statue of a seven-headed Naga at Angkor Wat. The lettering of the note is presented in the Khmer language. This note is part of the 2019 commemorative series: ‘’15th Anniversary of Coronation of King Norodom Sihamoni’’. Its color is purple.
Text: ១៥០០០ ធនាគារជាតិនៃកម្ពុជា មួយម៉ឺនប្រាំពាន់រៀល អ្នកក្លែងក្រដាសប្រាក់ នឹងត្រូវ ផ្តន្ទាទោស តាមច្បាប់ ១៥០០០ 15000, ធនាគារជាតិនៃកម្ពុជា NATIONAL BANK OF CAMBODIA អបអរសាទរខួប១៥ ឆ្នាំ នៃការគ្រងរាជសម្បត្តិ ព្រះករុណាព្រះបាទសម្តេចព្រះបរមនាថ នរោត្តមសីហមុនី (២៩តុលា ២០០៤-២៩ តុលា ២០១៩ ) 2019 ១៥០០០ មួយម៉ឺនប្រាំពាន់រៀល Congratulations on the 15th Anniversary of His Majesty Preah Bat Samdech Preah Boromneath NORODOM SIHAMONI (29 October 2004 – 29 October 2019).