The riel is the official currency of Cambodia. The official currency symbol: ៛. The currency’s name is derived from the Spanish-American dollar, commonly used for international trade in Asia and the Americas from the 16th to 19th centuries. There is a widespread belief that the name is derived from Mekong river fish which name is riel.
The rail was established in 1953, after the Cambodia branch of the Institut d’Émission des États du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam introduced double-denomination banknotes in piastre and rail. Between 1955 and 1972, the riel and piastre circulated alongside each other. After the Vietnamese invasion in 1978, the riel was reinstated as Cambodia’s national currency on April 1, 1980. Because there was no money to replace it and the economy was severely affected, the central government gave the new money to the people to encourage its use.
Today, banknotes with denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000 and 100,000 circulate.
The 100,000 Cambodian riels commemorative note front design features the portraits of King Father Norodom Sihanouk (1922 – 2012) and Queen Mother Norodom Monineath, followed by a seven-headed serpent statue at Angkor Wat and the Royal Arms.
The reverse of the note presents the photograph of King Monineath Sihanouk’s coronation ceremony in 2004. He is accompanied by Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk and the late King Father Norodom Sihanouk; followed by an Angkor Wat sculpture. The lettering of the note is presented in the Khmer language. This note is part of the 2012 commemorative series: ‘’60th Birthday of King Norodom Sihamoni’’. Its color is green.
Text: ១០០០០០ ធនាគារជា តិនៃ កម្ពុជា មួយរយពាន់រៀល ១០០០០០ 100000, ធនាគារជា តិនៃ កម្ពុជា NATIONAL BANK OF CAMBODIA 2012 ១០០០០០ ធនាគារជា តិនៃ កម្ពុជា ១០០០០០.