The riel is the official currency of Cambodia. The official currency symbol: ៛. The currency’s name is derived from the Spanish-American dollar, commonly used for international trade in Asia and the Americas from the 16th to 19th centuries. There is a widespread belief that the name is derived from Mekong river fish which name is riel.
The rail was established in 1953, after the Cambodia branch of the Institut d’Émission des États du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam introduced double-denomination banknotes in piastre and rail. Between 1955 and 1972, the riel and piastre circulated alongside each other. After the Vietnamese invasion in 1978, the riel was reinstated as Cambodia’s national currency on April 1, 1980. Because there was no money to replace it and the economy was severely affected, the central government gave the new money to the people to encourage its use.
Today, banknotes with denominations of 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000, 50,000 and 100,000 circulate.
The 100 Cambodian riels note front design features the Norodom Sihanouk portrait as a young monk (1922 – 2012), who was a Cambodian king and statesman, followed by the five-headed naga serpent at Angkor Wat (mythical snake) and a gold statue of Lokecvara.
The reverse of the note illustrates a Khmer statue, a view of the Silver Pagoda or Wat Ubaosoth Ratanaram, located on the south side of the Royal Palace in Chey Chumneas, and the Golden Maitreya Buddha figure. The lettering of the note is presented in the Khmer language. This note is part of the 2014 series, and its color is brown and orange.
Text: ១០០ ធនាគារជាតិនៃកម្ពុជា មួយរយរៀល អ្នកក្លែងក្រដាសប្រាក់ នឹងត្រូវ ផ្តន្ទាទោស តាមច្បាប់ ១០០ 100, ធនាគារជាតិនៃកម្ពុជា National Bank of Cambodia 2014 ๑๐๐ មួយរយរៀល ១០០.