The franc is the official currency of Burundi since 1960 when it replaced the Belgian Congo franc. In 1964, the Banque d’Emission du Rwanda et du Burundi (Issuing Bank of Rwanda and Burundi) started to issue notes in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 francs, followed by 5,000 francs in 1966. The 10 francs note were replaced by coin and the 2,000 francs issued in 2001 followed by 10,000 francs in 2004. In 2015 a new banknotes series were published, but the 10, 20 and 50 franc banknotes have lost their legal tender. The 100 franc banknote is the only banknote of the old series in circulation.
The 10000 Burundian francs note front design features Prince Louis Rwagasore (1932 – 1961), was a Burundian prince and politician who served as Prime Minister of Burundi, and Melchior Ndadaye (1953 – 1993), who was a Burundian intellectual and politician. The design is complete by a hippopotamus, a sketch of a sleek late fish, a sketch of Burundian Ingoma drum, the National Coat of Arms, and the National Flag. The lettering on this side of the note is in the Kinyarwanda language. The reverse of the note illustrates a sketch of the map of Burundi containing a landscape of the Burundi rainforest, a sketch of a sleek late fish and the initial of the Bank of the Republic of Burundi (Banque de la République du Burundi). The lettering on this side of the note is in the French language. This note is part of the 2015 – 2018 series, and its color is yellow, pink and grey.
Text: Ibanki Ya Republika Y’uburundi, Ubumwe – Ibiworwa – Amajambere, Unité, Travail, Progrès, Uwuzo Wingana Iyi Noti Azopfungwa, Amafaranga, Igihumbi Cumi, Banque de La République du Burundi, BRB, Le Gouverneur, Le 2e Vice-governeur, Le Contrefacteur Est Pundi de Servitude Penale, 10000, Dix Mille Francs, 15-01-2015.