The Australian dollar is the official currency of Australia, including its external territories: Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, and Norfolk Island. The currency is officially used in the independent Pacific Island states Kiribati, Nauru, and Tuvalu. The official currency symbol: $, A$, AU$.
The Australian dollar was established in 1966 to replace the Australian pound. In 1959, Treasurer Harold Holt appointed a Decimal Currency Committee to discuss the implementation of decimalization. The committee achieved approval in 1960, and the decimalization process was scheduled for February 1966. Holt announced that the new currency would bear the name “real.” The news was met with great public disgust, and three months later, it was declared that it would be renamed “dollar.” The first Australian dollar banknotes were introduced in denominations of $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100.
The Australian government has been introduced four polymer banknote series; the first polymer series was issued in 1988, in denominations of $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100. The second series of polymer banknotes was announced in 2012, which contained several new enhanced security measures. In 1995, the Reserve Bank of Australia identified problems with the holographic security features on banknotes, which led to the announcement of the third one series, which was established between 1995 and 1996. The four and last series were announced in 2015 when the Reserve Bank of Australia announced a new redesigned polymer banknotes series which was introduced from 2015 to 2020.
The 100 Australian dollars note front design features the portrait of Dame Nellie Melba GBE (1861 – 1931), known “Melba” from Melbourne, her hometown, was an Australian operatic soprano, who is regarded as one of the most famous singers of the late Victorian era and the early 20th century, and was the first Australian to achieve international recognition as a classical musician, followed the image of Melba as Rosina in Rossini’s Barber of Seville, The monogram of Melba’s homecoming concert tour program in 1902, and a stylized design that contains an Australian masked owl, a 3D fan, the Shrine of Remembrance, and acacia pycnantha flowers.
The reverse of the note illustrates the portrait of Sir John Monash (1865 – 1931), was a civil engineer and an Australian military commander of the First World War, who is considered one of the best-allied generals of the First World War and the most famous commander in Australian history, followed by a drawing of the Shrine of Remembrance and red poppies flowers, the image from 1889 of Monash surveying on the Outer Circle railway line in Melbourne, the Fyansford Bridge that is one of John Monash’s legacy, and a stylized design that contains an Australian masked owl, a 3D fan, the Shrine of Remembrance, and acacia pycnantha flowers. This note is part of the 2019 – 2020 series, and its color is black and green on orange and multicolor underprint.
Text: LEGAL TENDER THROUGHOUT AUSTRALIA GOVERNOR, RESERVE BANK OF AUSTRALIA SECRETARY TO THE TREASURY NELLIE MELBA ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS, AUSTRALIA ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS JOHN MONASH