The Australian dollar is the official currency of Australia, including its external territories: Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, and Norfolk Island. The currency is officially used in the independent Pacific Island states Kiribati, Nauru, and Tuvalu. The official currency symbol: $, A$, AU$.
The Australian dollar was established in 1966 to replace the Australian pound. In 1959, Treasurer Harold Holt appointed a Decimal Currency Committee to discuss the implementation of decimalization. The committee achieved approval in 1960, and the decimalization process was scheduled for February 1966. Holt announced that the new currency would bear the name “real.” The news was met with great public disgust, and three months later, it was declared that it would be renamed “dollar.” The first Australian dollar banknotes were introduced in denominations of $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100.
The Australian government has been introduced four polymer banknote series; the first polymer series was issued in 1988, in denominations of $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100. The second series of polymer banknotes was announced in 2012, which contained several new enhanced security measures. In 1995, the Reserve Bank of Australia identified problems with the holographic security features on banknotes, which led to the announcement of the third one series, which was established between 1995 and 1996. The four and last series were announced in 2015 when the Reserve Bank of Australia announced a new redesigned polymer banknotes series which was introduced from 2015 to 2020.
The 10 Australian dollars note front design features the portrait of Andrew Barton “Banjo” Paterson (1864 –1941), was an Australian bush poet, journalist, and author who is regarded as Australia’s unofficial national anthem, followed by a horseman from The Man From Snowy River, a Banjo’ work, a design inspired by the 1903 publication of Marie Cowan’s Waltzing Matilda arrangement, which was used for marketing Billy Tea at the time, running horses inspired by the poem The Man From Snowy River, the seven-pointed star, the National Coat of Arms.
The reverse of the note illustrates the portrait of Dame Mary Jean Gilmore (1865 – 1962), was an Australian writer and journalist who is regarded for her contributions to Australian literature and the broader national discourse, the Dobell portrait of Dame Mary Gilmore, the shadow of a woman of the interior and interior scene, inspired by the works of Dame Mary Gilmore, and a bullock team is based on an engraving entitled “The Wool Season”. This note is part of the 1993 – 2015 series, and its color is dark blue and purple on a multicolor underprint.
Text: Australia THIS AUSTRALIAN NOTE IS LEGAL TENDER THROUGHOUT AUSTRALIA AND ITS TERRITORIES TEN DOLLARS, No foe shall gather our harvest or sit on our stockyard rail Australia.