The Afghan afghani is the official currency of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan since 1925 when it replaced the Afghan rupee. The first banknote series was issued in denominations of 5, 10, and 50 afghanis, followed by 2, 20 and 100 afghanis in 1936. In 1939, the “Da Afghanistan Bank” (Bank of Afghanistan) was established as an official issuing entity and introduced notes for 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 afghanis, followed by 5000 and 10,000 afghani notes in 1993. In 2002, after a currency reform, a new currency was announced, and new banknotes were introduced in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, and 1000 afghanis.
The 500 Afghan afghanis note front design features the Great Mosque of Herat (Jami Masjid of Herat), located in the city of Herat, in the Herat Province, and the Seal of “Da Afghanistan Bank” (consisting of the bank’s name in Pashto, a Latin script at the bottom, the year 1939 in which it was established, and a coin from the Eucratides I era that has the Greek text, “ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΟΥ ΕΥΚΡΑΤΙΔΟΥ “which means” Of the great King Eucratides “, the name of the bank between two cornucopias full of coins. The lettering is presented in the Pashto language. The reverse of the note presents a control tower of the Ahmad Shah Baba International Airport (Kandahar International Airport), located in Kandahar city; the lettering presented in the English language. This note is part of the 2008 – 2012 (1387 – 1391) series, and its color is blue and multicolor.
Text: Da Afghanistan Bank, In this case, the claim is to pay an Afghan on request, Of the great king Eucratides, 500 Afghanis, 1381.